Built in 1400, it was the residence of the Grand Dukes of Tuscany, the Medicis, the Habsburg-Lorraines and the Savoys. Today it houses a large museum complex, made up of extraordinary works. Inside there are in fact the Palatine Gallery which houses works ranging from Roman times to the nineteenth century: from Titian to Raphael, passing through Botticelli and Tintoretto and Filippo Lippi, up to Roman works of extraordinary beauty. And then the Royal Apartments where the monumental furnishings of the time are kept, the Winter Quarter, the Prince of Naples Quarter, the Treasury of the Grand Dukes, the Fashion and Costume Museum dedicated to the history of fashion which houses costumes and accessories from the 18th century to today, theatrical costumes and the restored funeral clothes of Cosimo I de' Medici and others, the Porcelain Museum which brings together the collections of porcelain from tables of the reigning houses that succeeded one another at Palazzo Pitti, the Carriage Museum and the Gallery of Modern Art which houses works, among others, by Hayez and Canova and traces the stages of Tuscan and Florentine artistic evolution from neoclassicism onwards. Then there is the Boboli Gardens, a real jewel of the Italian garden, with its caves and fountains, sculptures and nymphaeums.